What are the trees whispering about… A couple of facts about forests.
Youth action for the environment project, conducted by the Active Citizens Fund – National and financed by the EEA, is set to motivate the local communities to stop dropping off their trash at forests. To become familiar with the topic of global holts, forests and woods, read what sorts of secrets they keep……
1. The global forest area is equal to 4.06 billion hectares. The average forest cover around all the countries equals about 30.6% and for every Earth inhabitant, there’s about 0.62 ha of a forest.
2. Countries with the largest forest cover (in reference to the global forest area) are Russia (20%), Brasil (12%), Canada (9%), and China (5%).
3. Poland’s forest cover is equal to 29.6% and has been increased from 21% since 1945 (according to the data provided in December of 2018 by the Central Statistical Office).
4. The basis for the afforest work in Poland is the "National forest cover increase program that postulates to increase the forest cover up to 33% by the year 2050.
5. The biggest European forest is the Bialowieza Forest, which functions as a relic of the primal forest landscapes. It covers an area of 1500 square kilometres.
6. The most dangerous forest in the world is Gadchiroli, located in India. It functions as a shelter and a battlefield of Indian Maoists called Naxalites. The rebellion in this area has been ongoing since 1967, hence tourism is non-existent.
7. The oldest forest in the world is the Daintree Rainforest in Australia. It’s 180 million years old!
8. One of the most mysterious forests in Europe is the German Schwarzwald (Black Forest), which was the inspiration for the Grimm brothers’ fairytales.
9. Forests are home to 80% of terrestrial plant and animal species.
10. Trees are essential elements of a well-balanced city. Their shadows cool the air by up to even 8 degrees, which results in reducing the use of air conditioning by up to 30%. City trees are also effective filters because they absorb dangerous pollutions and fine dust.
11. The tallest tree in the world is the Hyperion tree (California). It’s 115.61 meters tall. It’s located in Redwood National Park and its exact location was kept confidential for some time. The largest tree, however, is a giant sequoia tree, called General Sherman, which has an estimated bole volume of 1487 cubic metres and a diameter of 8 metres. It’s located in Sierra Nevada Mountains in the United States.
12. Moon wood is wood that is harvested during a specific lunar phase. According to Erwin Thom, who popularised that name, the moon wood is harder, more resistant to tough atmospheric conditions and damage made by fungi and insects.
13. The largest rainforest in the world is Amazonia. It’s home to 30 million people and one in ten world’s known fauna and flora species.
14. Deforestation is the process of clearing or thinning forests. Sometimes it occurs naturally, but most of the time it’s caused by humans.
15. Deforestation in Amazonia has reached its highest level in 12 years – according to the latest data.
Photo: Mabel Amber, pixabay.com
The article was created as part of project called Teenage Action for the Environment. The project is conducted thanks to the grant from Active Citizens Fund National, financed by EEA.